n

Everything in this universe is a definite proof of the existence of a Creator [Allah ] who created it. Those who have sound intellect and natural disposition will understand this fully.

Those who reject the existence of Allah do so because they seek tangible proofs which they can perceive through their senses. They contradict themselves, for they believe in intangible things within this universe by observing their signs and effects.

For example, they believe in gravity without being able to see it; they perceive it only through its effects, since objects are drawn towards the earth. They believe in magnetism without being able to see it; they perceive it through its effects, since metallic objects are attracted to each other. They believe that they have intellects while they cannot see their intellects! They believe in all these things (while depending on their senses) even though their senses may give them a false perception about things, which is well-known. For example, a stick placed in water seems bent, and two parallel lines at a distance seem to intersect; also, our head always seems to be upright, whether we are at the North Pole, the South Pole, or at the Equator. These examples prove that without intellect, one may be given a false perception if he depends solely on his senses.

Without intellect, we would have no knowledge. So those who limit attaining knowledge to what is perceived through the senses have indeed made a mistake! Is it logical to reject the belief in Allah, because Allah cannot be perceived through one’s senses? Even though they believe in all that surrounds them through their effects and signs! Seeking tangible evidences for the belief in the existence of Allah has distanced many from believing in Allah by pondering His signs.

  • a person who has pure nature and clear understanding would know certainly that nothing exists without something bringing it into existence, and nothing happens without a specific reason.
  • There are many verses which encourage people to ponder about this universe which surrounds them and to think about the different creations.
  • Allah, the Exalted, has informed us that all creatures within the universe have been created in pairs
  • Pondering upon these creatures would increase and deepen one’s belief in Allah, and this is a trait of the intellectual people of understanding.

Allah says:

(And Pharaoh said, “O Haman, construct for me a tower that I might reach the ways - the ways into the heavens - so that I may look at the God of Moses; but indeed, I think he is a liar.” And thus was made attractive to Pharaoh the evil of his deed, and he was averted from the [right] way. And the plan of Pharaoh was not except in ruin.) [ 40:36-37 ]

This call is not restricted to a certain time or era; rather, it is the nature of the calls of those who reject and belie the truth due to their ignorance, as Allah says:

(And those who have no knowledge say: ‘Why does not Allah speak to us or why does not a sign come to us?’ So had the people before them said words of similar import. Their hearts are alike; We have indeed made plain the signs for people who believe with certainty.) [ 2:118 ]

Or due to pride, as Allah says:

(And those who do not expect the meeting with Us say, “Why were not angels sent down to us, or [why ] do we [not ] see our Lord?” They have certainly become arrogant within themselves and [become ] insolent with great insolence.) [ 25:21 ]

Or due to injustice, as did the Children of Israel; Allah says:

(And [recall ] when you said, “O Moses, we will never believe you until we see Allah outright”; so the thunderbolt took you while you were looking on.) [ 2:55 ]


The Proofs of the existence of Allah

The result of pure and unadulterated human nature. Indeed a person who has a pure nature and clear understanding would know certainly that nothing exists without something bringing it into existence, and nothing happens without a specific reason. For example, if you enter a room and see a table, your mind will come to the conclusion that this table did not come into the room by itself; rather, someone brought it in. Even the simplest of people upon seeing footprints would state that they indicate that someone tread this path. A dark night, a bright day, the sky with its great stars, the earth with its deep valleys, the ocean with its great waves; are these all not but indications of the existence of Allah?

The verses of the Qur’an. There are many verses which encourage people to ponder about this universe which surrounds them and to think about the different creations found within them. All these are proofs of a Creator who takes care of its affairs. Allah says:

(Say: “Look into all that is in the heavens and the earth”, but neither signs nor warners benefit those who believe not.) [ 10:101 ]

The following are a few examples which prove the existence of the Creator:

  • The perfection with which the universe is created and beauty of the planets which swiftly travel in their specific orbits, as well as other celestial bodies; if these were offset from their orbit even slightly, it would result in a catastrophe the extent of which only Allah knows. Since the beginning of their creation, they continue to move according to a precise system. Allah says:

    (He has created the heavens without any pillars that you see and has set on the earth firm mountains, lest it should shake with you.) [ 31:10 ]

    Allah also says:

    (So exalted is Allah when you reach the evening and when you reach the morning. And to Him is [due all ] praise throughout the heavens and the earth. And [exalted is He ] at night and when you are at noon. He brings the living out of the dead and brings the dead out of the living and brings to life the earth after its lifelessness. And thus will you be brought out. And of His signs is that He created you from dust; then, suddenly you are human beings dispersing [throughout the earth]. And of His signs is that He created for you from yourselves mates that you may find tranquility in them; and He placed between you affection and mercy. Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought. And of His signs are the creation of the heavens and the earth and the diversity of your languages and your colors. Indeed in that are signs for those of knowledge. And of His signs is your sleep by night and day and your seeking of His bounty. Indeed in that are signs for a people who listen. And of His signs, He shows you the lightening [causing ] fear and aspiration, and He sends down rain from the sky by which He brings to life the earth after its lifelessness. Indeed in that are signs for a people who use reason. And of His signs is that the heaven and earth remain by His command. Then when He calls you with a [single ] call from the earth, immediately you will come forth. And to Him belongs whoever is in the heavens and the earth. All are to Him devoutly obedient. And it is He who begins creation; then He repeats it, and that is [even ] easier for Him(This is in regards to humans, for repeating something is easier than doing it the first time. As far as Allah is concerned, they are both the same; they are both easy.). To Him belongs the highest attribute in the heavens and earth. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.) [ 30:17-27 ]

    Allah also says:

    (…the sun, the moon, and the stars, [all ] subjected by His command. Unquestionably, His is the creation and the command; blessed is Allah, Lord of the worlds.) [ 7:54 ]

  • The wondrous creation of mankind and the beautiful form they are created in and the ability which Allah has endowed them.

    Allah says:

    (And on the earth are signs for the certain [in faith]. And in your own selves. Then will you not see?) [ 51:20-21 ]

  • The animals and the different ways humans benefit from them, in the form of food, drink, clothing, and as means of transportation.

    Allah says:

    (And indeed, for you in grazing livestock is a lesson. We give you drink from what is in their bellies - between undigested food and blood - pure milk, palatable to drinkers. And from the fruits of the palm trees and grapevines you take intoxicant and good provision.(This verse was revealed before the prohibition of intoxicants. It alludes to the fact that there are both evil and good possibilities in certain things.) Indeed in that is a sign for a people who reason. And your Lord inspired to the bee, ‘Take for yourself among the mountains, houses, and among the trees and [in ] that which they construct. Then eat from all the fruits and follow the ways of your Lord laid down [for you].’ There emerges from their bellies a drink, varying in colors, in which there is healing for people. Indeed in that is a sign for a people who give thought.) [ 16:66-69 ]

  • The plants, trees, and crops in their various shapes, and colors from which man benefits in the form of food, drink, shelter, and medicine.

    Allah says:

    (And it is He who spread the earth and placed therein firmly set mountains and rivers; and from all of the fruits He made two mates; He causes the night to cover the day. Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought. And within the land are neighboring plots and gardens of grapevines and crops and palm trees, [growing ] several from a root or otherwise, watered with one water, but We make some of them exceed others in [quality of ] fruit. Indeed in that are signs for a people who reason.) [ 13:3-4 ]

  • The different creatures which traverse the earth in their various shapes, forms, and unique qualities

    . Allah says:

    (Allah has created every [living ] creature from water. And of them are those that move on their bellies and of them are those that walk on two legs, and of them are those that walk on four. Allah creates what He wills. Indeed, Allah is over all things competent.) [ 24:45 ]

  • The astonishing organization and cohesion present between all constituents of the creation

    This cohesion and intricate balance guarantees the continuation of life of the creation. Allah says:

    (He created the heavens without pillars that you see and has cast into the earth firmly set mountains, lest it should shift with you, and dispersed therein from every creature. And We sent down rain from the sky and made grow therein [plants ] of every noble kind. This is the creation of Allah. So show Me what those other than Him have created. Rather, the wrongdoers are in clear error.) [ 31:10-11 ]

  • The wondrous way provisions are distributed and provided to all creatures.

    Allah says:

    (And there is no creature on earth but that upon Allah is its provision, and He knows its place of dwelling and place of storage( Before birth (in the uterus) and after death (in the grave)). All is in a clear book.(Al-Lawh-ul-Mahfoodh, the Preserved Tablet in which everything that came into existence was written 50,000 years before the creation until the Day of Resurrection.)) [ 11:6 ]

    Allah also says:

    (And how many a creature carries not its [own ] provision. Allah provides for it and for you. And He is the Hearing, the Knowing.) [ 29:60 ]

    Allah, the Exalted, has informed us that all creatures within the universe have been created in pairs; (for example) the sky and earth, night and day, death and life, happiness and misery, the sun and the moon, the moving and motionless, hot and cold, good and evil, disbelief and belief. This is present in the animal world and in plants as well; and among things we have knowledge of and things we do not. Allah says:

    (And of all things We created two mates; perhaps you will remember.) [ 51:49 ]

    Pondering upon these creatures would increase and deepen one’s belief in Allah, and this is a trait of the intellectual people of understanding. Allah says:

    (Do you not see that Allah sends down rain from the sky, and We produce thereby fruits of varying colors? And in the mountains are tracts, white and red of varying shades and [some ] extremely black. And among people and moving creatures are grazing livestock are various colors similarly. Only those fear Allah, from among His slaves who have knowledge. Indeed, Allah is Exalted in Might and Forgiving.) [ 35:27-28 ]

    Allah has informed us about some of the creatures in this universe, while not informing us of others. Allah says:

    (Exalted is He who created all pairs - from what the earth grows, and from themselves, and from that which they do not know.) [ 36:36 ]

    There is no doubt that there is a force which brought about this universe, and protects it. This force can only be Allah, the Creator, who created this universe. This is what Muslims believe. As for atheists, they waver in doubt. Allah says:

    (Were they created by nothing, or were they the creators [of themselves]? Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Rather, they are not certain.) [ 52:35-36 ]

  • It is from the innate human nature that humans feel and acknowledge the presence of a Creator Who created them as well as the universe they live in

    This is what some scientists call “Religious Instinct.” Allah says:

    (So direct your face toward the Deen, inclining to truth. [Adhere to ] the fitrah(Fitrah: The natural inborn inclination of man to worship his Creator prior to the corruption of his nature by external influences. Thus, Islamic monotheism is described as the religion of fitrah—that of the inherent nature of mankind. ) of Allah upon which He has created [all ] people. No change should there be in the creation of Allah. (i.e., let people remain true to their fitrah within the religion of Islam) That is the correct Deen, but most of the people do not know.) [ 30:30 ]

    The Prophet s said:

    “Every child is born on the Fitrah [Natural Disposition]; But his parents, turn him into a Jew or a Christian….” [ Bukhari ]

Even if a man’s natural disposition is deviated, he still tends to look up to a power upon Whom he can turn to in times of need, as was the case in previous nations; they would take idols as gods and worship them. They would also worship the sun, moon and stars. This is a common instinct among humans; although some reject it out of arrogance or stubbornness. This innate nature is most often revealed when in a dire situation: if a person falls sick, or is overcome by an evil, he would involuntarily call out and say: ‘O God!’ or he would look towards the sky, in acknowledgment of an almighty force, who can resolve his problems. Allah says:

(And when affliction touches man, he calls upon Us, whether lying on his side or sitting or standing; but when We remove from him his affliction, he continues [in disobedience ] as if he had never called upon Us to remove an affliction that touched him.) [ 10:12 ]

The plants, trees, and crops in their various shapes, and colors from which man benefits in the form of food, drink, shelter, and medicine.


The challenge of the Qur’an

  • The Qur’an challenges the whole creation to create anything which has a soul, whether they do so collectively or individually. Allah says:

    (O people, an example is presented, so listen to it. Indeed, those you invoke besides Allah will never create [as much as ] a fly, even if they gathered together for that purpose. And if the fly should steal away from them a [tiny ] thing, they could not recover it from him. Weak are the pursuer and pursued (A comparison is made here to the worshipper of a false deity and that which he worships).) [ 22:73 ]

    This is because the soul is from the affairs of Allah. No one knows its reality except Him. Allah says:

    (And they ask you, [O Muhammad s], about the soul. Say, ‘The soul is of the affair of my Lord. And mankind have not been given of knowledge except a little.) [ 17:85 ]

    The creation cannot create something without a soul. In a Hadeeth Qudsi, the Prophet s narrated that Allah says: “And who is more unjust than one who tries to create something like My creation. Let them try to create the smallest ant, let them try to create a seed, let them try to create a fiber of barley.” [ Bukhari ]

  • The inability of humans to do as they please in this universe. This is another evidence of the presence of the Creator who created and continues to dispose of its affairs. Allah says:

    (Have you not considered the one who argued with Abraham about his Lord [merely ] because Allah had given him kingship? When Abraham said, ‘My Lord is the one who gives life and causes death,’ he said, ‘I give life and cause death (Qataadah and others reported: “That two men are brought to me who deserve to be sentenced to death. So I order that one of them be killed and I pardon the other.. so he is not killed.” [ ibn Katheer]).’ Abraham said, ‘Indeed, Allah brings up the sun from the east, so bring it up from the west.’ So the disbeliever was confounded, and Allah does not guide the wrongdoing people.) [ 2:258 ]

  • Another proof of His existence is His challenge to all humanity: to bring something like the Noble Qur’an, the final Book revealed to mankind. This challenge will remain unmet until the Day of Judgment. Allah says:

    (Say, ‘If mankind and the jinn gathered in order to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce its like, even if they were to each other assistants.) [ 17:88 ]

Whoever doubts the existence of Allah or the prophethood of Muhammad s let him produce something similar to the Qur’an. The Arabs, who were the most eloquent orators at that time, tried their best to produce something similar to the Qur’an, and they could not; even though it was revealed in their native tongue (Arabic). Allah then eased this challenge, saying:

(Or do they say, ‘He invented it?’ Say, ‘Then bring ten chapters like it that have been invented and call upon whomever you can besides Allah, if you should be truthful.) [ 11:13 ]

Allah then eased it even further, saying:

(And if you are in doubt about what We have sent down upon Our Servant [Muhammad], then produce a chapter the like thereof and call upon your witnesses other than Allah, if you should be truthful.) [ 2:23 ]

This Qur’an is the revealed Words of Allah, and it can never be disproved. Allah says:

(And it is not [possible ] for this Qur’an to be produced by other than Allah, but [it is ] a confirmation of what was before it and a detailed explanation of the [former ] Scripture, about which there is no doubt (This phrase refers back to the Qur›an), from the Lord of the all that exists.) [ 10:37 ]

If it was written by humans, it would contain many contradictions. Allah says:

(Then do they not reflect upon the Qur’an? If it had been from [any ] other than Allah, they would have found much contradiction in it.) [ 4:82 ]

Our basis for the discussion about the beginning of creation and its end will be the saying of Allah:

(Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is, over all things, Disposer of affairs. * To Him belong the keys of the heavens and the earth.) [ 39:62-63 ]

  • Allah, the Exalted, has informed us that all creatures within the universe have been created in pairs
  • Pondering upon these creatures would increase and deepen one’s belief in Allah, and this is a trait of the intellectual people of understanding.