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The End

(Everyone upon the earth will perish. And the Face of your Lord full of Majesty and Honor will abide forever.) [ 55:26-27 ]

However much man tries to avoid it, he will never be able to escape it. Allah says:

(Say: “Indeed, the death from which you flee - indeed, it will meet you. Then you will be returned to the Knower of the unseen and the witnessed, and He will inform you about what you used to do.”’) [ 62:8 ]

Whatever man does to prolong his life; he would not be able to, since it is something which is set and prescribed. Allah says:

(And every nation has its appointed term; so when their time has come, they will not remain behind an hour, nor will they precede [it].) [ 7:34 ]

Allah challenges men and jinn who doubt the existence of Allah, the Creator, Who created them, with the following:

(Then why, when the soul at death reaches the throat? And you at the moment are looking on. And Our angels are nearer to him than you, but you do not see. Then why do you not, if you are exempt from the reckoning, bring it back, if you are truthful?) [ 56:83-87 ]

Upon death, everyone will believe, but they will not have the opportunity to return to this world and do good deeds. Allah says:

([For such is the state of the disbelievers], until, when death comes to one of them, he says, “My Lord, send me back. So that I may do good in that which I have left behind!’ No. It is but a word that he speaks, and behind them is a barrier until the Day when they will be resurrected.) [ 23:99-100 ]

Only Allah knows when and where man will die. Allah says:

(Verily, Allah [alone ] has knowledge of the Hour and sends down the rain and knows what is in the wombs. And no soul perceives what it will earn tomorrow, and no soul perceives in what land it will die. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.) [ 31:34 ]

Death is of two types; greater and lesser. Greater death is when the soul departs the body without returning to it. The lesser death is sleep; when the soul departs the body and returns to it at the time of waking. Allah says:

(It is Allah who takes away the souls at the time of their death, and those that die not during their sleep. He keeps those for which He has ordained death and sends the rest for a term appointed. Verily, in this are signs for a people who think deeply.) [ 39:42 ]

  • Death is of two types; greater and lesser. Greater death is when the soul departs the body without returning to it. The lesser death is sleep; when the soul departs the body and returns to it thereafter.
  • The unbelievers throughout the ages disbelieve in the Resurrection and in the handing out of records. This is not a new thing.
  • On that great day, humans will disown their closest and most beloved relations.
  • When evildoers see the punishment with their own eyes, they would wish that they could ransom themselves from the Fire with the most beloved people to them.

WHAT HAPPENS AFTER DEATH

After death one would be resurrected, and the records would be handed out. Allah says:

(That is because Allah: He is the Truth, and it is He Who gives life to the dead, and it is He who is able to do all things.) [ 22:6 ]

The unbelievers throughout the ages have disbelieved in the Resurrection and the handing out of records. This is not a new thing. Allah says:

(Those who disbelieve have claimed that they will never be resurrected. Say, “Yes, by my Lord, you will surely be resurrected; then you will surely be informed of what you did. And that, for Allah, is easy.”) [ 64:7 ]

They try their best to lead men astray and to make them reject the fact that they will be resurrected after death. Allah says:

(Does he promise you that when you have died and have become dust and bones, that you will be brought forth [once more]? Far, very far is that which you are promised!) [ 23:35-36 ]

They deem their life and death to be mere events of nature and do not realize that they (life and death) are creations like themselves. Allah says:

(And they say: “There is not but our worldly life; we die and live, and nothing destroys us except time.” And they have of that no knowledge; they are only assuming.) [ 45:24 ]

Some even sought impossible evidences in order to believe. Allah says:

(Verily, these people are saying: ‘There is nothing but our first death, and we shall not be resurrected. Then bring back our fore-fathers, if you speak the truth!’) [ 44:34-36 ]

Allah refutes them by saying:

(And they say: “When we are bones and crumbled particles, will we [truly] be resurrected as a new creation?” Say [O Muhammad s]: ‘Be you stones or iron. Or [any ] creation of that which is great within your breasts.” And they will say, “Who will restore us?” Say, “He who brought you forth the first time.” Then they will nod their heads toward you and say, “When is that?” Say, “Perhaps it will be soon.” On the Day He will call you and you will respond with praise of Him and think that you had not remained [in the world ] except for a little.») [ 17:49-52 ]

They reject and belie the Day of Judgment. Allah says:

(Those who disbelieve say, “The Hour will not come to us.” Say, “Yes, by my Lord, it will surely come to you. [ Allah is ] the Knower of the unseen.” Not absent from Him is an atom’s weight within the heavens or within the earth or [what is ] smaller than that or greater, except that it is in a clear register. That He may recompense those who believe and do righteous good deeds. Those, theirs is forgiveness and a generous provision.) [ 34:3-4 ]

On that Day, Allah will resurrect the entire creation. Allah says:

(Your creation and your resurrection will not be but as that of a single soul. Indeed, Allah is Hearing and Seeing.) [ 31:28 ]

Allah will gather them all together on that Day, the Day of Recompense. Allah says:

(Say [O Muhammad s]: “(Yes) verily, those of old, and those of later times. All will be gathered together for the appointed Meeting of a known Day.”) [ 56:49-50 ]

All of creation shall be resurrected on that Day. Allah says:

(And indeed, We have already known the preceding [generations ] among you, and We have already known the later [ones to come].) [ 15:24 ]

Allah will judge all of mankind accordingly; if they did good, they would receive a reward, and if they did evil they would be punished. Allah says:

(On the Day when every person will be confronted with all the good he has done, and all the evil he has done, he will wish that there were a great distance between him and his evil. And Allah warns you against His Punishment and Allah is full of Kindness to [His ] servants.) [ 3:30 ]

Allah also says:

(On the Day when Allah will resurrect them all and inform them of what they did. Allah had enumerated it, while they forgot it; and Allah is, over all things, Witness.) [ 58:6 ]

On that great day, humans will disown their closest and most beloved relations. Allah says:

(Then when there comes the Deafening Blast, that Day shall a man flee from his brother, and from his mother and his father, and from his wife and his children. Every person that Day will have enough to make him careless of others.) [ 80:33-37 ]

When evildoers see the punishment with their own eyes, they would wish that they could ransom themselves from the Fire with the most beloved people to them. Allah says:

(They will be shown each other. The criminal will wish that he could be ransomed from the punishment of that Day by his children, and his wife and his brother, and his kindred who sheltered him, and all that are in the earth, so that it might save him.) [ 70:11-14 ]

That Day will come to pass; no one can ransom himself nor will there be bartering. Allah says:

(Verily, those who disbelieve, if they had all that is in the earth, and as much again therewith to ransom themselves thereby from the torment on the Day of Resurrection, it would never be accepted of them, and theirs would be a painful torment.) [ 5:36 ]

The only thing accepted on that Day is one’s righteous deeds. Allah says:

(And it is not your wealth or your children that bring you nearer to Us in position, but it is [by being ] one who has believed and done righteousness. For them there will be the double reward for what they did, and they will be in the upper chambers [of Paradise], safe [and secure].) [ 34:37 ]

On that Day:

(... No soul will benefit from its faith as long as it had not believed before or had earned through its faith some good.) [ 6:158 ]

All material things which man used to seek help with will come to an end. Allah says:

(“And you have certainly come to Us alone as We created you the first time, and you have left whatever We bestowed upon you behind you. And We do not see with you your ‘intercessors’ which you claimed that they were among you associates [of Allah]. It has [all ] been severed between you, and lost from you is what you used to claim.”) [ 6:94 ]

The only thing that remains are the deeds which he did in this life; whether evil or good. Allah says:

(So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom shall see it. And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom shall see it.) [ 99:7-8 ]


WHAT WILL HAPPEN AFTER ALLAH RESURRECTS US?

After Resurrection, man would either go to Jannah or to Hell; which are eternal. Its inhabitants would also live eternally in their abodes. Mankind will be judged by Allah, the Exalted, who is Just. Allah says:

(And We shall set up balances of justice on the Day of Resurrection, then none will be dealt with unjustly in anything. And if there be the weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it. And sufficient are We as accountant.) [ 21:47 ]

Every nation will be judged according to the Deen which their messenger conveyed to them. Allah says:

([And mention ] the Day We will call forth every people with their record [of deeds]. Then whoever is given his record in his right hand - those will read their records, and injustice will not be done to them, not in the least degree. And whoever is blind in this world will be blind in the Hereafter, and more astray from the Path.) [ 17:71-72 ]

The Muslims would enter Jannah, whose joy is eternal, because they believed and did good deeds. They fulfilled what Allah and His Messenger commanded them with, and abstained from that which they were prohibited. No one will die in it, as Our Lord Allah informed us, saying:

(Verily, the righteous will be in a secure place among Gardens and Springs. Wearing [garments of ] fine silk and brocade, facing each other. Thus. And We will marry them to fair women with large, [beautiful ] eyes. They will call therein for every kind of fruit in peace and security. They will never taste death therein except the first death, and He will save them from the torment of the blazing Fire. As a Bounty from your Lord! That will be the supreme success!) [ 44:51-57 ]

As for the blessings which the people of Jannah will enjoy; the Messenger s narrated that Allah (In a Hadeeth Qudsi) said:

“I have prepared for my righteous slaves such (a reward) that no eye has seen, nor ear has heard, nor has any human even imagined it.” Abu Hurairah said: “Read if you like the saying of Allah: (No person knows what is kept hidden for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do.) [ 32:17] (Bukhari)

The Prophet s said:

“The first group (of people) to enter Jannah will be shining like the moon on a fullmoon night. Then will come those who follow them who will be like the most shining planet in the sky. They will not stand in need of urinating or relieving of nature or of spitting or blowing their noses. Their combs will be of gold and their sweat will smell like perfume; in their incense burner the aloes-wood will be used. Their wives will be large eyed maidens. All men will be alike in the form of their father ‘Adam, sixty cubits tall.” [ Ibn Hibbaan ]

Jaabir reported that the Prophet s said:

“The inhabitants of Jannah will eat and drink therein, but they will not have to pass excrement, to blow their noses or to urinate. Their food will be digested producing a belch which will give out a smell like that of perfume. They will be inspired to declare the freedom of Allah from imperfection and proclaim His Greatness as easily as you breathe.” [ Muslim ]

Zaid bin Arqam said:

“A man from the Jews came to the Prophet s and said: ‘O Abaa al-Qaasim (The nickname of the Prophet Muhammad)! Don’t you think that the people of Jannah eat and drink? The Messenger of Allah said:

“By him in whose hand is my soul. Everyone of you will be given the strength of a hundred men in his ability to eat, drink, and have intimacy.” The Jew said:

“Indeed one who eats and drinks must also relieve himself.” The Messenger of Allah responded: “They relieve themselves by perspiring through their skins, and its fragrance will be that of perfume, and all stomachs will have become lean.” [ Ibn Hibbaan ]

Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet s said:

“A caller will call and say: Indeed may you be healthy and never be sick again, may you live and never die again, may you be young and never grow feeble again, may you enjoy, and never feel sorrow and regret again. And this is the saying of Allah:

(And it will be cried out to them: ‘This is the Jannah which you have inherited for what you used to do.’) [ 7:43].”(Muslim)

The Prophet s also informed us about the bounties enjoyed by the inhabitants of the lowest level of Jannah. He s said:

“Indeed I know of the last of the people to leave the Hellfire and the last of the people to enter Jannah: it will be a person who leaves the Hellfire crawling. Allah will say, ‘Go and enter Jannah.’ When he arrives at it, it will be made to seem as if it is full, so he will return and say, ‘O my Lord, I have found it to be full.’ Allah will repeat, ‘Go and enter Jannah.’ When he arrives at it, it will be made to seem as if it is full, so he will return and say, ‘O my Lord, I have found it to be full.’ Then Allah will say, ‘Go and enter Jannah, for indeed for you is the likes of the world tenfold (or ten times greater than the world)’ He will say, ‘I know that you are you not mocking me (or laughing at me) for You are the King [but the strange thing is how can you grant me this while I do not deserve it]!’.”
The narrator then said:
Upon that, I saw the Messenger of Allah laugh until his molar started to show. That was said to be the lowest level of Jannah. [Bukhari & Muslim]

As for the disbelievers who reject and belie the messengers and their message, their end will be the Hellfire, and they will reside therein forever. Allah says:

(But for those who disbelieve will be the fire of Hell. [Death ] is not decreed for them so they may die, nor will its torment be lightened for them. Thus do we recompense every ungrateful one. And they will cry out therein, “Our Lord, remove us; we will do righteousness - other than what we were doing!” But did We not grant you life enough for whoever would remember therein to remember, and the warner had come to you? So taste [the punishment], for there is not for the wrongdoers any helper.) [ 35: 36-37 ]

The Noble Messenger s described the least amount of punishment meted out in the Hellfire in his saying:

“The least amount of punishment meted out to a person in Hellfire on the Day of Judgment will be one whom two flaming coals will be placed under the arches of his feet. His brains will boil as a copper vessel or a narrow-necked vessel boils with water.” [ Bukhari ]

Another factor which will increase the people of Jannah in their joys and blessings and the people of Hellfire in their sorrow is what the Messenger of Allah mentioned in his saying:

“Death will be brought forth in the form of a black and white speckled ram, and a caller will cry out, ‘O people of Paradise!’ They will crane their necks and look, and he will say, ‘Do you recognize this?’ They will say, ‘Yes, it is death,’ as all of them will have seen it. Then he will cry out, ‘O people of Hell!’ They will crane their necks and look, and he will say, ‘Do you recognize this?’ They will say, ‘Yes, it is death,’ as all of them will have seen it. Then the ram will be slaughtered, and he (the caller) will say, ‘O people of Paradise, [your life ] is eternal and there will be no death; O people of Hell, [your life ] is eternal and there will be no death.’”

Then the Prophet s recited:

(And warn them [Muhammad s ] of the Day of Regret, when the matter will be concluded; and [yet], they are in [a state of ] heedlessness, and they do not believe.) [ 19:39](Bukhari.)

The Prophet s also said:

“None shall enter Jannah until he is shown (while in the grave) the place he would have resided in the Hellfire if he did evil, so that he will feel more joy and show more gratitude. And none shall enter the Hellfire until he is shown the place he would have resided in Jannah if he did righteousness, so that he will feel more agony.” [Bukhari]

From here the true, everlasting life will start and only those who prepared for it by submitting to the Creator in belief and doing good deeds will experience the real joy.

The Qur’an has encouraged man in many verses to ponder over the nature of their creation. He who created them out of nothing is indeed able to bring them back to life once again.


EVIDENCES OF THE RESURRECTION IN THE QUR’AN

The Qur’an has encouraged man in many verses to ponder over the nature of their creation. He who created them out of nothing is indeed able to bring them back to life once again. Allah says:

(And the disbeliever says, “When I have died, am I going to be brought forth alive?” Does not man remember that We created him before, while he was nothing?) [ 19:66-67 ]

Allah encourages man to ponder over how He produces fresh vegetation from land which was once dead. Allah says:

(And of His signs is that you see the earth stilled, but when We send down upon it rain, it quivers and grows. Indeed, He who has given it life is the Giver of Life to the dead. Indeed, He is over all things competent.) [ 41:39 ]

Allah encourages humans to ponder over the creation of the heavens and the earth which is something greater than the creation of humans. Allah says:

(Do they not see that Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth, and was not wearied by their creation, is Able to give life to the dead? Yes, He surely is Able to do all things.) [ 46:33 ]

Allah encourages man to ponder over how they wake up from their sleep, which is similar to life after death. This is the reason why it is called the ‘lesser’ form of death. Allah says:

(It is Allah Who takes away the souls at the time of their death, and those that die not during their sleep. He keeps those (souls) for which He has ordained death and sends the rest for a term appointed. Verily, in this are signs for a people who think deeply.) [ 39:42 ]

Al-‘Aas bin Waa`il came to the Messenger of Allah with a crumbling bone, and crushed it, and then said:

‘O Muhammad! Will Allah raise this after it has become dust?” He replied, “Indeed Allah will raise this! He will cause you to die, then He will bring you back to life and then He will put you in the Hellfire.”

He (the narrator) said, “Then the following verses were revealed:

(Does not man see that We have created him from a Nutfah, then at once he is a clear adversary? And he presents for Us an example and forgets his [own ] creation. He says, “Who will give life to bones while they are disintegrated?” Say, “He will give them life who produced them the first time; and He is, of all creation, Knowing.” [ It is ] He who made for you from the green tree, fire, and then from it you ignite. Is not He, Who created the heavens and the earth Able to create the like of them? Yes, indeed! He is the All-Knowing Creator. His command is only when He intends a thing that He says to it, “Be,” and it is. So exalted is He in whose hand is the realm of all things, and to Him you will be returned.) [ 36:77-83] Ibn Hibban