Adam is the father of humanityAllah says:
(And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels. ‘Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority.’ They said, ‘Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?’ He said, ‘Indeed, I know that which you do not know.’ And He taught Adam the names - all of them. Then He showed them to the angels and said, ‘Inform Me of the names of these, if you are truthful.’ They said, ‘Exalted are You; we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.’ He said, ‘O Adam, inform them of their names.’ And when he had informed them of their names, He said, ‘Did I not tell you that I know the unseen [aspects ] of the heavens and the earth? And I know what you reveal and what you have concealed.’ And [mention ] when We said to the angels, ‘Prostrate before Adam’; so they prostrated, except for Iblees. (The proper name of Satan, who was not an angel but from the jinn. This prostration that was ordered was one of respect, not worship.) He refused and was arrogant and became of the disbelievers. And We said, ‘O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat therefrom in [ease and ] abundance from wherever you will. But do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers.’ But Satan caused them to slip out of it and removed them from that [condition ] in which they had been. And We said, ‘Go down [all of you ] as enemies to one another, and you will have upon the earth a place of settlement and provision for a time.’ Then Adam received from his Lord words [of repentance], and He accepted his repentance. Indeed, it is He who is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful. We said, ‘Go down from it, all of you. And when guidance comes to you from Me, whoever follows My guidance - there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve. And those who disbelieve and deny Our signs - those will be companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally.’) [ 2:30-39 ]
Humans are from the progeny of Adam
(O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul.) [ 4:1 ]
The Prophet s said regarding this:
“O people, your Lord is One, and indeed your father is one. All of you were created from Adam , and Adam was created from the earth. There is no excellence of an Arab over a non-Arab, a non-Arab over an Arab, a red person over a white, nor a white person over a red, except in righteousness and piety.” [ Ahmed ]
- Adam is the father of humanity, Humans are from the progeny of Adam.
- After Allah created Adam He created his wife from one of his left ribs, so that he would be comforted by her, and that they could procreate.
- Ten generations after Adam, people deviated from the truth, so Allah sent messengers.
How Adam was created?
Allah has clarified that Adam was created from earth; as is exemplified in different ways. In the following ayah, Allah says that Adam was created from dust:
(Indeed, the example of Jesus with Allah is like that of Adam. He created him from dust; then He said to him, ‘Be,’ and he was.) [ 3:59 ]
In this ayah, Allah says that he was created from clay:
(He it is Who has created you from clay, and then decreed a term and a specified time [known ] to Him; then [still ] you are in dispute.) [ 6:2 ]
Here Allah says that he was created from sticky clay:
(… ‘Are they stronger as creation, or those whom We have created?’ Verily, We created them of a sticky clay.) [ 37:11 ]
Allah says that He created him from clay like that of pottery:
(He created man from clay like [that of ] pottery.) [ 55:14 ]
He that He created him from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud:
(And indeed, We created man from the sounding clay of altered black mud.) [ 15:26 ]
In any case, Adam was created from one substance. Allah created Adam from the earth, and he passed through different stages. He stayed like this, for as long as Allah willed; thereafter Allah breathed into him the soul which He created for him. Allah says:
(And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, “I will create a human being out of clay from an altered black mud. So, when I have fashioned him completely and breathed into him the soul which I created for him, then fall down prostrating yourselves unto him.’ So, the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together. Except Iblees - he refused to be among those who prostrated.) [ 15:28-31 ]
Mankind thereafter procreated from a weak water-like substance (sperm). Allah says:
(Who made everything He has created good, and He began the creation of man from clay. Then He made his offspring from the discharge of worthless water (male and female sexual discharge). * Then He fashioned him in due proportion, and breathed into him the soul, and He gave you hearing, sight and hearts. Little is the thanks you give!) [ 32:7-9 ]
As the first man was created from dust (which is of earth) man shall return to it, and from it he will be resurrected from it on the Day of Resurrection. Allah says:
(From the earth We created you, and into it We will return you, and from it We will extract you another time.) [ 20:55 ]
The Messenger of Allah s told us of his attributes. He s said:
“Allah created Adam and his height was sixty arms-spans, and said to him: ‘Go and greet those angels, and listen to how they greet you; that will be your greeting and the greeting of your progeny.’ (So he went and said): ‘As-Salamu alaykum, (Peace be unto you)’ and they responded, ‘As- Salamu ‘alaykum wa Rahmatullah (Peace be unto you, and the Mercy of Allah).’ They added ‘wa Rahmatullah’. Everyone who enters Jannah will do so with Adam’s attributes, and the creation to this day has been continually decreasing in height.” [ Bukhari ]
WHY DO THE CHILDREN OF ADAM DIFFER?
The Messenger of Allah s clarified why the children of Adam differ from each other; whether in color, character, or nature. He s said:
“Indeed Allah created Adam a with a handful which he scooped from the earth, so the children of Adam came to be that form and nature according to the specific soil from which they came. Some are red, black, white, and yellow, and some are easygoing, sad, despicable, good and pure, while others are a mixture.” [ Ibn Hibbaan ]
THE CREATION OF HAW’WAA’ (EVE) MOTHER OF HUMANITY
After Allah created Adam a He created his wife from one of his left ribs, so that he would be comforted by her, and that they could procreate. Allah says:
(O mankind! Fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer.) [ 4:1 ]
The Prophet s said:
“Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day let him not harm his neighbor. Treat your wives well, for indeed they have been created from a rib. Indeed the most curved part of a rib is its top part. If you try to straighten it, it will break, and if you leave it, it will remain curved, so treat your wives well.” [ Bukhari ]
THE HOME OF ADAM AND EVE
They lived in Jannah before being expelled from it, due to the sin Adam a committed. Allah says:
(And mention when We said to the Angels, ‘Prostrate to Adam,’ and they prostrated, except Iblees, he refused. So We said, ‘O Adam, indeed this is an enemy to you and to your wife, then let him not remove you from Jannah so you would suffer. Indeed, it is promised for you not to be hungry therein or be unclothed. And indeed, you will not be thirsty therein or be hot from the sun.’ Then Satan whispered to him; he said, ‘O Adam, shall I direct you to the tree of eternity and sovereignty that will not deteriorate?’ And they ate of it, and their private parts became apparent to them, and they begun to fasten over themselves from the leaves of Jannah. And Adam disobeyed his Lord and erred. Then his Lord chose him and turned to him in forgiveness and guided [him]. [Allah ] said, ‘Descend from [Jannah ] - all, [your descendants ] being enemies to one another. And if there should come to you guidance from Me - then whoever follows My guidance will neither go astray nor suffer. And whoever turns away from My remembrance - indeed, he will have a depressed life, and We will raise him on the Day of Resurrection blind.’) [ 20:116-24 ]